Missouri Dairy Business Update  
Volume 5, Number 3
March 2005

Dairy Trends Missouri & Surrounding States


As of December 2004, Missouri had 1,767 permitted dairy operations. Grade A dairy operations numbered 1,381, down 166 from December 2003. Grade B dairies numbered 386, up 14 from December 2003.


Number of Commercial Dairy Operations in Missouri, December

Within Missouri's neighboring states, only Kansas shows a slightly growing dairy industry, with the rest declining in cow numbers.

Those trends emerge from the latest preliminary U.S. annual average dairy production numbers that were updated recently to include the year just passed, 2004. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/dairy/pmp-bb/2005/mkpr0205.txt

The graphs below reflect the latest cows numbers and milk production per cow estimates in Missouri and surrounding states. Kansas recently pushed into the top 20 states in milk production, based upon increasing cow numbers and rapid increases in milk production per cow. That industry growth is primarily due to large dairy farms in western Kansas.


Dairy Cow Population

   
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
MO  
177,000
170,000
159,000
154,000
145,000
137,000
129,000
122,000
KS  
81,000
82,000
86,000
91,000
93,000
103,000
111,000
113,000
IA  
230,000
222,000
217,000
215,000
210,000
209,000
201,000
193,000
AR  
53,000
45,000
42,000
39,000
35,000
32,000
29,000
24,000
IL  
133,000
128,000
123,000
120,000
116,000
115,000
111,000
107,000
KY  
148,000
140,000
133,000
132,000
128,000
122,000
116,000
110,000
TN  
113,000
105,000
97,000
95,000
92,000
88,000
79,000
75,000

 

Milk Production Per Cow

   
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
US  
16,872
17,189
17,772
18,201
18,159
18,571
18,760
18,957
MO  
13,345
13,924
14,069
14,662
13,441
14,024
14,620
15,139
KS  
15,864
16,037
16,337
16,923
17,312
19,515
19,189
19,611
IA  
16,057
17,167
17,521
18,298
18,024
18,201
18,955
19,912
AR  
11,981
12,000
12,381
12,436
12,343
12,281
12,207
13,250
IL  
16,564
16,570
16,496
17,450
17,414
17,835
18,441
18,486
KY  
12,264
12,214
12,414
12,841
12,969
13,230
12,629
12,936
TN  
14,239
14,295
14,608
14,789
14,511
14,943
15,253
15,400


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