Missouri Dairy Business Update Commercial Agriculture
Volume 3, Number 11
November 2003

Milk Production

Milk production in the U.S. was estimated to be down 0.6% in October 2003 compared to October 2002, based upon 1.4% fewer cows and 0.8% more milk production per cow.

Milk production in the top 20 states was down 0.2% in October 2003 compared to October 2002, based upon 0.9% fewer cows and a 0.7% increase in milk production per cow.

In Missouri, milk production was down 0.7% in October 2003 compared to October 2002 based upon 7.4% fewer cows, and an increase in milk production per cow of 7.1%.

If you stop to think about Missouri's recent evolution in the dairy industry, it is really incredible that we have lost 10,000 dairy cows in the last year, but only dropped total milk production 1 million pounds a month. Increases in milk production per cow are almost rapid enough to make up for all the lost production from those 10,000 dairy cows that exited the state. To put it another way, it is like those 10,000 cows that went out of production were only producing 100 pounds of milk a month, or 3 pounds per cow per day!

October Milk Production
  Oct 2002 Milk Cows Oct 2003 Milk Cows % Change from last Year Oct 2002 Monthly Lbs. Milk/Cow Oct 2003 Monthly Lbs. Milk/Cow % Change from Last Year Oct 2002 Total Milk Production (Millions of Pounds) Oct 2003 Total Milk Production (Millions of Pounds) % Change from Last Year
USA 9,147,000 9,022,000 -1.4% 1,516 1,528 0.8% 13,866 13,783 -0.6%
 
Top 20 States 7,789,000 7,719,000 -0.9% 1,539 1,550 0.7% 11,991 11,965 -0.2%
 
Missouri 136,000 126,000 -7.4% 1,120 1,200 7.1% 152 151 -0.7%
 
Kentucky 120,000 110,000 -8.3% 1,025 1,025 0.0% 123 113 -8.1%
Iowa 208,000 198,000 -4.8% 1,480 1,520 2.7% 308 301 -2.3%
 
Idaho 391,000 413,000 5.6% 1,760 1,820 3.4% 688 752 9.3%
California 1,664,000 1,702,000 2.3% 1,760 1,710 -2.8% 2,929 2,910 -0.6%
New Mexico 305,000 318,000 4.3% 1,750 1,745 -0.3% 534 555 3.9%
Source: USDA, NASS, Milk Production:
http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/dairy/pmp-bb/


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