Missouri Weekly Hay Summary

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Jefferson City, MO    Thu Oct 20, 2016    MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News

Missouri Weekly Hay Summary Week ending 10/21/2016

   Another week of extremely variable weather with record temperatures 
being set on multiple days. Some areas mostly in the southern half of 
the state got rain mid-week however amounts and locations were far from 
anything consistent or widespread. Despite the fact hay piles in all the 
state are quite large there has been somewhat of a widespread concern 
popping up across southwest and south central Missouri about stock water 
levels and lack of fall pasture growth. The supply of hay is moderate, 
demand is light and prices are mostly steady. The Missouri Department 
of Agriculture has a hay directory available for both buyers and sellers. 
To be listed, or for a directory visit http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ 
for listings of hay http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. 
and per ton unless specified and on most recent reported sales price 
listed as round bales based generally on 5x6 bales with weights of 
approximately 1200-1500 lbs).

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV <185) 180.00-240.00
Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180) 160.00-200.00
Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170) 120.00-160.00 
small squares 4.50-5.00 per bale
Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150) 100.00-120.00 
Good quality Mixed Grass hay 75.00-100.00
Small squares 3.00-4.50 per bale (some alfalfa/grass mix)
Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay 50.00-80.00
small squares 2.50-3.50 per bale
Fair quality Mixed Grass hay 15.00-30.00 per large round bale 

Fair to Good quality Bromegrass 50.00-80.00

Wheat straw 3.00-6.00 per small square bale

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.

Source: MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News Service, Jefferson City, MO
        Caroline Carter, Market Reporter, 573-751-5618
        24 Hour Recorded Report 1-573-522-9244

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