Missouri Weekly Hay Summary

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Jefferson City, MO    Thu Mar 23, 2017    MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News

Missouri Weekly Hay Summary Week ending 03/24/2017

Spring officially arrived this week, but so far no wide spread showers, some 
isolated areas did receive some moisture but nothing like what is really 
needed. That being said farmers are getting a lot of field work done in 
preparation for planting. Several are making good progress spreading 
fertilizer on pastures and hay fields as well. Still a lot of hay being 
trucked to those affected by the fires but locally hay business is pretty 
none existent. The supply of hay is moderate, demand is light and prices 
are steady to weak. The Missouri Department of Agriculture has a hay 
directory available for both buyers and sellers. To be listed, or for a 
directory visit http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ for listings of hay 
http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. and per ton unless 
specified and on most recent reported sales price listed as round 
bales based generally on 5x6 bales with weights of approximately 1200-
1500 lbs).

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV <185) 180.00-225.00
Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180) 160.00-200.00
Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170) 120.00-160.00 
small squares 4.50-5.00 per bale
Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150) 100.00-120.00 
 
Good quality Mixed Grass hay 75.00-100.00
Small squares 3.00-4.50 per bale (some alfalfa/grass mix)
Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay 50.00-80.00
small squares 2.50-3.50 per bale
Fair quality Mixed Grass hay 15.00-25.00 per large round bale 

Fair to Good quality Bromegrass 50.00-80.00

Wheat straw 3.00-6.00 per small square bale

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Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
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Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
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Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
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Source: MO Dept of Ag-USDA Market News Service, Jefferson City, MO
        Caroline Carter, Market Reporter, 573-751-5618
        24 Hour Recorded Report 1-573-522-9244

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