Cattle On Feed
University of Missouri
July 6, 2015
The June cattle on feed report is bullish. May placements were below pre-release trade forecasts making this report bullish for deferred futures.
USDA said the number of cattle on feed in large feedlots at the start of June was up 0.6% compared to June 2014. The pre-release trade forecast was for the on-feed number to be up 0.9%. This is the seventh month in the last eight with more cattle on feed than a year earlier.
May placements of cattle into large feed yards (over 1,000 head capacity) were 10.2% lower than in May 2014. The 1.714 million head placed was the fewest for any May since 2009. The average of pre-release trade forecasts was for May placements to be down 8.6%.
The Livestock Marketing Information Center put the average returns for fed steers marketed in May at a negative $128 per head. May was the sixth month in a row with red ink for cattle feeding.
USDA said marketings of fed cattle from large feed yards during May totaled 1.711 million head, down 8.3% compared to May 2014, and the lowest May since before USDA started this data series in 1996. The trade predicted May marketings would be down 8.4%. Federally inspected steer and heifer slaughter was down 9.1% in May. There was one fewer slaughter day this May than last.
The calculated average weight of cattle placed on feed during May was up 1.3% from May 2014. The number of cattle placed on feed weighing less than 600 pounds was down 18.4% from the previous May. Placements of feeders weighing 600 to 700 pounds were down 10.3%; placements weighing 700 to 800 pounds were down 17.9%, but placements weighing more than 800 pounds were unchanged compared to a year earlier.
Choice beef prices at retail averaged a record $6.412 per pound during May. That was up 1.0 cent from April which was the old record high, and up 49.9 cents from a year ago.
Cattle on Feed, 1000+ Capacity Feedlots, U.S.
| || 2013|| 2014|| 2015|| Percent of |
|1,000 head |
|On Feed May 1 || 10,735|| 10,554|| 10,640|| 100.8%|
|Placed during May || 2,051|| 1,909|| 1,714|| 89.8%|
|Marketed during May || 1,948|| 1,865|| 1,711|| 91.7%|
|Other Disappearance || 100|| 101|| 82|| 81.2%|
|On Feed June 1 || 10,738|| 10,497|| 10,561|| 100.6%|